Despite the succession of political regimes, significant investment in peace and stability initiatives, and a large-scale humanitarian response, the province of North Kivu remains in a situation of chronic crisis. Forced prolonged displacements are commonplace, intercommunity tensions remain high, and most of the population sits well below the poverty line. The capacity of affected populations to cope with repeated shocks is eroding.
Why do all these issues persist? What can the international community do better to address these challenges and help improve the lives of those affected?
In 2014, Mercy Corps formed a consortium with partner organizations in DRC to build on efforts to rethink humanitarian response so that we can best meet the needs of populations affected by prolonged conflict and displacement.
The primary objective of this case study is to begin addressing these critical questions. This report takes stock of the impact of assistance provided in North Kivu on mitigating overall vulnerability and suggests several key recommendations, including the need for land reform, increased assistance to communities outside of camps, livelihoods diversification, and a national legal framework to promote rights-based responses to displacement.
We're currently developing new research and programming that will put these principles into practice, while generating evidence on what we can be doing to address chronic crises in a way this is more effective, impactful and sustainable.