Mercy Corps in Kosovo has implemented refugee return and reintegration programs funded by the U.S. State Department’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (BPRM) for four years. The program focuses on creating an environment conducive to returns by enabling returning and vulnerable families to meet at least their basic subsistence needs while re-entering the Kosovo economy. In addition the program builds multi-ethnic linkages and community stability through the implementation of participatory community programmes.
Examples of Return and Reintegration Program (RRP) grants include the provision of seeds and fertilizer, small livestock, greenhouses, tractor implements and bee hives at the household level. Community projects have included the establishment veterinary stations, larger commercial greenhouses, bakeries and feed mills.
The RRP temporarily changed its focus following demonstrations and rioting in Kosovo during March 2004 so that families most affected by these violent events could be assisted to replace assets that were lost or stolen, helping them to rebuild their lives.