The world’s 450 million small farms — two hectares or less — are home to about 2 billion people, many of whom are among the poorest on Earth. In the countries where Mercy Corps works, agriculture provides the main source of household income and is the primary means of food security for 57 percent of the population. These people face incredible obstacles: soaring prices for food, seeds and other supplies; outdated technology; unfavorable or limited access to markets and financial services; and poor soil and water resource management.
However, with the right investments and development assistance, these small farmers hold the potential not only to improve their lives but also to contribute to a safer, healthier and more secure food and agriculture system for everyone.
<b>Mercy Corps’ Approach</b>
Mercy Corps works in places where livelihoods and economies are under extreme stress, if not severely disintegrated. The results are hunger, poverty, natural resource exploitation, conflict and a lack of opportunities for youth. In most cases, agriculture is the mainstay of the local economy.
In these transitional environments, Mercy Corps’ proven agricultural programming works with farmers, agri-business, communities and local governments to provide food, increase incomes and improve environmental sustainability — while also addressing the root causes of conflict. During extreme disasters, conflicts and poverty, people need immediate assistance just to stay alive. But in the long term, our goal is to help build a sustainable local economy that can bring about the greatest social and environmental gains while avoiding dependency. Currently, our agricultural work includes more than 70 projects worldwide — worth $100 million — that touch more than 3 million smallholder farmers and their families.
<b>Building Food Security</b>
Mercy Corps is working to increase local food production and marketing and improve nutrition by helping farming households diversify the types of crops they grow, eat and sell. Boosting the amount of food grown strengthens families’ economic stability and lessens the chance they will go hungry in the future. In Niger, the Central African Republic, Somalia, Sri Lanka and Nepal, Mercy Corps is helping more than 100,000 people earn higher wages through improved agricultural practices and better access to more profitable local and regional markets.
Following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in Indonesia, Mercy Corps began a cash-for-work program to help people rebuild rice fields, boats and roads, while providing immediate wages. We continue to focus on providing farmers and traders with access to credit and technical assistance.
In Liberia we are making it easier and more cost-effective for farmers in 100 communities to bring their produce to market. Over 500 farm families have learned how to produce or process higher-value crops such as cassava, cowpeas, peanuts and hot peppers. In Myanmar, we are helping more than 100 communities devastated by Cyclone Nargis to restart their crop, livestock and fishing activities. In Afghanistan, Mercy Corps is boosting the productivity of more than 6,000 farmers by increasing access to quality agricultural supplies. We are helping 100 seed growers profitably produce 20 percent of the nation’s wheat seed, doubling yields and netting more than $1 million in seed sales. In a country where farmers often earn less than $1 per day, this increase in production adds approximately $150 to each family’s annual earnings.
<b>From Subsistence Production to Profitable Businesses</b>
Farmers increase their incomes and food security when they improve crop yields and plant new varieties. To spur economic growth and create more jobs, Mercy Corps teaches farmers how to increase harvests and better manage their crops. We develop market-based services to supply farmers with seeds and veterinary supplies, improve their access to credit, and connect local agri-enterprises so they can cooperate in crop storage, processing and transport.
In Guatemala, Mercy Corps is helping 300 farming families boost their incomes and stimulate the local economy by diversifying their crop mix into high-value products, minimizing mid-level players and capitalizing on market opportunities. In addition, Mercy Corps has mediated 120 land conflicts, and 38 communities are now producing commercially viable crops, including pineapples, chili, cacao, plantains, cardamom and vanilla.
In Mongolia, Mercy Corps provided technical assistance and better access to financing to help 4,651 pastoral herders and agribusinesses diversify and expand their operations and increase total revenues by more than $3 million.
With Mercy Corps’ help, 7,000 households in Uganda are increasing vegetable production — and incomes — and improving food security. We are also helping producer groups re-establish their cooperative production, processing and marketing businesses.
In Nepal, Mercy Corps works with more than 1,000 ginger and cardamom farmers to increase their productivity and profitability. We also support nationwide cardamom and ginger trade associations and promote trade and better access to financial services.
<b>Better Access to Financial Services</b>
Enterprises that have very little collateral and no formal credit history are considered risky investments by traditional banking institutions. Many small farming businesses fall into this category. Mercy Corps helps family farms overcome this challenge to running their operations and building their assets through a variety of creative financial solutions.
In Mongolia, we’ve helped fund 460 loans totaling more than $1.2 million; half have been repaid in full. In rural China, Mercy Corps is helping 13,000 poor farmers gain access to microfinance. In Guatemala, 4,000 farming households are forming 50 village banks to increase access to credit. In Nepal, Mercy Corps expects to reach 10,000 clients — especially women and the poorest households — by teaming with the country’s largest microfinance provider to expand financial services in remote areas and develop savings and loan products for agriculture. In Ethiopia, Mercy Corps plans to expand financial services into never-served areas, potentially touching tens of thousands of farming and related agribusinesses.
Nothing is more basic to human well-being than having enough nutritious food to eat. Yet one in every eight people in the world — 842 million — are trapped in a cycle of hunger and poverty.
The reality is that most of the world doesn't have the benefit of picking up food from the corner store — they grow it themselves. Hunger is a crisis when disaster ruins the harvest. It is a cycle when families cannot grow or buy enough to lead healthy, productive lives, and when the effects of malnutrition are passed on to the next generation.
When food shortages occur due to drought and conflict, Mercy Corps helps prevent hunger and treat malnutrition in the most vulnerable — children, pregnant women, the elderly and the displaced. We distribute vouchers, cash or emergency rations, working with local suppliers to speed delivery, save money and boost local economies.
In addition to emergency responses, we focus on long-term solutions that build future food security.
Mercy Corps helps famers manage their land, increase their harvests and diversify crops to produce a larger, more nutritious, and stable food supply. By teaching nutrition and hygiene, we ensure families can utilize their resources to boost their health. And we connect farmers with new markets and introduce more efficient methods of tending productive livestock and processing and storing crops to increase incomes for years to come.